Amitiza

lubiprostone
Chemical Name: lubiprostone
Drug Type: chloride channel activators

Do not take lubiprostone if you have severe diarrhea. Call your doctor for instructions.

Call your doctor at once if you have severe or ongoing nausea or diarrhea.

Lubiprostone increases the secretion of fluid in your intestines to help make it easier to pass stools (bowel movements).

Lubiprostone is used to treat chronic constipation, or constipation caused by opioid (narcotic) pain medicine.

Lubiprostone may also be used to treat irritable bowel syndrome in women with constipation as the main symptom.

Lubiprostone is for use only in adults.

Lubiprostone may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

You should not use this medication if you have a blockage in your digestive tract, or if you have severe diarrhea.

To make sure lubiprostone is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have any other cause for obstruction in your gastrointestinal (digestive) system, such as:

  • gallstones;
  • Crohn's disease;
  • Hirschsprung's disease;
  • impacted bowel movement;
  • diverticulitis, polyps; or
  • a history of hernia.

Also tell your doctor if you have liver disease.

It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

It is not known whether lubiprostone passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. However, a nursing baby could develop diarrhea if the mother takes lubiprostone while breast-feeding. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby, and talk with your doctor if the baby develops diarrhea.

Lubiprostone should not be given to a child.

Lubiprostone is usually taken twice daily. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Take lubiprostone with food and water to prevent nausea.

Drink a full glass of water when you take this medication.

Do not crush, chew, break, or open a lubiprostone capsule. Swallow it whole.

You may have tightness in your chest or feel short of breath within 1 hour after taking lubiprostone. This side effect should go away within 3 hours, but it may occur again when you take your next dose. Talk with your doctor if this side effect becomes bothersome.

Do not take lubiprostone if you have severe diarrhea. Call your doctor for instructions.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe or ongoing nausea or diarrhea; or
  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out.

Common side effects may include:

  • mild nausea, stomach pain;
  • mild diarrhea, gas, bloating; or
  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Tell your doctor if you take methadone.

Other drugs may interact with lubiprostone, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

Your pharmacist can provide more information about lubiprostone.